Cape Ann crew led by Thomas Gardner1 began a commercial effort in the 1623/24 time frame. This effort had been coordinated by Rev. John White2 and was to farm sufficiently to send produce back to England. The plan was to fish through the good seasons and to send back dried fish. In prior years, the round-trip requirement cut down the fishing time. In terms of vegetation, farming was expected to offer regular production. In reality, it proved harder to fish than expected. There had been many years of prior fishing to give New England a good reputation. On the other hand, the Mayflower experience at Plymouth demonstrated the difficulties that faced the newcomers. The focus moved to Naumkeag which allowed more success which was reported back to England.3 By 1630, there was enough interest generated for John Winthrop4 to lead a group of ships packed with settlers. Hence started the Great Puritan Migration.5 We are 400 years past this event and will be looking across that time span at the families and their fifteen generations of involvement with the 'American Dream.'6

1. See Cape Ann, Retrospective.
2. See Gardner and Conant families.
3. See Massey's Cove.
4. See (Not) far from idyllic.
5. See Great migration.
6. See Fifteen generations.

Contributor: Gardner Research
The Gardner Annals, Vol. I, No. 1 (August 2014)
Chronicles of Old Salem, 1948, F.D. Robotti, Bonanza Books, New York